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Referencing at UWS: Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

I'm a new student/continuing student - which Referencing system should I use?

From the start of Academic Year 2021 - 2022 all staff and students (see below for exceptions) must use Cite Them Right (CTR) Harvard.  The following exceptions apply:

PsychologyAPA (American Psychological Association)

LawOSCOLA (Oxford Standard for Citation of Legal Authorities)

Scottish Baptist CollegeChicago Style

Further information can be found under the "Other Referencing Styles" tab of this Guide and in the Cite them Right textbook.


Should Cite Them Right be recommended as a core text on reading lists and are there copies available from the Library?

Academic staff are encouraged to include Cite Them Right as a core text on all reading lists. The Library will provide multiple print copies at all campus libraries and it is also available as an eBook that can be accessed from both on and off campus from One Search. The current (11th) edition is available from Amazon UK should staff or students wish to purchase their own copy.

When do we have to stop using UWS Harvard?

From the beginning of Academic Year 2021 - 2022 UWS Harvard must no longer be used.  With the exception of staff and students in Psychology, Law and the Scottish Baptist College, Cite Them Right (CTR) Harvard is the only acceptable referencing style at UWS.

Please note that from the end of August 2021 the UWS Harvard Referencing Guidelines will no longer be accessible on Moodle.

What should I do about references stored in EndNote?

CTR Harvard is available as a style within EndNote.  To add this style to your EndNote library:

  • Click the drop-down arrow next to Annotated and select Choose Another Style
  • Scroll down and select Cite Them Right - Harvard then click Choose

CTR will then be added to your style list and the references in your library should convert automatically to CTR Harvard once this style has been selected.

What are the advantages of using CTR Harvard over other referencing styles?

  • Accessibility: some features of UWS Harvard were incompatible with updated accessibility guidelines.
  •  CTR Harvard is more compatible with bibliographic software such as EndNote.
  • CTR Harvard is widely used throughout UK Higher Education institutions therefore staff and students new to UWS are likely to be using a referencing style with which they are already familiar.
  • CTR Harvard is accompanied by an excellent textbook - UWS Library has multiple copies of both the print, and electronic versions of this text. Please note that the ebook can be accessed from both on, and off, campus
  • The Cite Them Right textbook also covers the other Referencing styles used at UWS: APA for Psychology; OSCOLA for Law and the Chicago style of referencing for the Scottish Baptist College

I'm a member of staff - how does this affect the links that I have on PP presentations and within Moodle, for example?

Please ensure that, from the start of Academic Year 2021 - 2022, all information regarding Referencing at UWS, including links within PP presentations and on the VLE, have been changed to reflect the changes to the referencing guidelines.  Please contact the Academic Librarian Team if you need further information or assistance.

Email: or log a call via the Library tile on MyDay.