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Referencing at UWS: Social Media

General Advice

Social media sites, especially Blogs are produced by individuals on topics of concern or interest. As these are someone's opinions, they may not provide objective discussion of an issue. Reference them in conjunction with reputable academic sources. Many authors of such sites use aliases or first names only, use the name they have used in your reference. 

A wider range of social media referencing examples are available in section E10 in the following book:

Pears, R. and Shields, G. (2019) Cite them right: the essential referencing guide. 11th rev. edn. London: Red Globe Press.

Print and electronic copies are available from UWS Library.  Access to the ebook is available from both on and off campus - use your UWS username and password to log in.



Andrews, A. (2019) ‘Clemency’, Oh! That film blog, 22 July. Available at: (Accessed: 23 July 2020). 

Section 10.6 in CTR Harvard


Holthaus, E. [@EricHolthaus] (2020) Major new study out today: Climate scientists have refined one of the most important metrics they use to predict warming…This makes rapid emissions cuts even more important [Twitter] 22 July. Available at: (Accessed: 23 July 2020). 

Section 10.8d in CTR Harvard


Earthneeds (2020) ‘Climate change? Animal extinction? Who cares?! We only live once!’ [Instagram]. 12 March. Available at: (Accessed: 23 July 2020). 

Section E10.8a in CTR Harvard